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山東中華文化學院院長王志民: 回歸原點,尋求共識

信息來源: 作者: 發布日期:2016-11-15 17:27:22 點擊:

Wang-ZhiminWang-Zhimin, male, born in 1949.He is the director of Shandong Normal University Qilu Culture Research C...

Wang-Zhimin

Wang-Zhimin, male, born in 1949.He is the director of Shandong Normal University Qilu Culture Research Center which is the Chinese Ministry of education key Institute of Humanities and Social Science, Professor, doctoral supervisor, and chief expert, as the Shandong Chinese culture Dean, former vice president of Shandong Normal University, author of "Qilu cultural history". He has published more than 80 papers.

Returning to the original point, seeking consensus-

Reflection on the dialogues between multiple civilizations in the world

With the colossal impact of globalization, to construct a new world culture becomes a historical task for the development of human culture. There is a proper way for cultural development. In this way, we must respect the differences, strengthen communication, seek multi-harmony and look for common prosperity.

In the new global era, humanity is facing many problems which are amazingly similar to those of ancient times.

Returning to the original point and seeking consensus, that is not retrogression or recovery of human civilization.

On the contrary, it is the refiection on the origin of human culture. Simultaneously, it's the starting and similar point of seeking not only the basis of communication between different civilizations, but also harmony and common prosperity. Based on this, the following part is three relationships worth considering.

First, the relationship between human and nature is an etemal theme in the history ofhuman civilization. The dialogue and advance of human civilization are exactly the ways and attitudes to reach consensus on the treatment of nature.

On the issue of harmony and common prosperity, any civilization is based on the relationship between human and nature.

Second, the relationships among people cannot be ignored. In the thousands-of-years progress of human civilization, interpersonal relationships constantly undergo significant change. Economic globalization has promoted dependency considerably from person to person. At the same time, qualitative changes have occurred in the interpersonal relationship. The dialogue of civilizations in modem times requires people to transcend ethnic barriers and national borders in order to share understanding, tolerance and harmony instead of confrontation. The modem shaping of people's relationships is a precondition for future development ofworld civilization.

Third, the relationship between man and society is also very important. Productive dialogues between civilizations depend on a new cultural horizon. In this horizon, we should establish many new relations between human and society, between one state and the other, as well as among the various religious faiths. Moreover, for the horizon it is essential to make joint efforts for the future construction of a new world culture.

In the course ofthe latest construction of the world culture, between different civilizations, it is required to transcend itself, overtake the history, seek consensus, make a breakthrough and move toward mutual prosperity. It consists of three sections. The first section is the vision of the world. A grand vision, scientific method and diverse civilizations are the bases for dialogue. The second section is the philosophical breakthrough. Through adequate exchange, various ideologies reach a consensus and come together mainstream ideology. The third section is consensus and common prosperity. Civilizations should enhance themselves in the dialogue, accept and absorb others. The trunk of a new global culture will naturally occur in a harmonious atmosphere.

 

王志民

王志民,男,1949年生,中國教育部人文社會科學重點研究基地——山東師范大學齊魯文化研究中心主任、教授、博士生導師、首席專家,山東師范大學文學院教授、博士生導師。原山東師范大學副校長,現任山東省政協副主席,兼山東中華文化學院院長,第七、九、十、十一屆全國人大代表,著有《齊魯文化通史》等,發表論文80余篇。

回歸原點,尋求共識——對世界不同文明對話的思考

 
面對全球化帶來的巨大影響,人類文化發展面臨著共同構建世界新文化的歷史重任,尊重不同文明之間的差異,加強文明對話、交流,尋求多元和諧、共榮,是一條正確的文化發展之路。

迎來全球化的歷史新時代的人類面臨的問題,與人類文明創世之初有著驚人的相似之處。回歸原點,尋求共識,不是人類文明的倒退與復原,而是從人類文化本源上去思考,尋找不同文明的對話基礎與和諧共榮的出發點與共識。主要有三大關系值得我們思考:

一、人與自然的關系。這是人類文明發展史上的一個永恒主題。人類文明的對話與發展,就是要在以何種方式和態度對待自然上達成共識。各類文明的和諧共榮,首先是以人與自然的和諧共榮為基礎的。

二、人與人的關系。在數千年人類文明發展中,人際關系不斷發生著重大改變。經濟全球化使人與人之間依存度大幅度提升,人際關系發生質的變化。當今世界文明的對話,必然要求人們超越族群與國界的藩籬,超越不同文明的鬩墻,以交流加深了解,以寬容對待“異己”,以和諧代替對抗。無新型人際關系的塑造,即無未來世界文明之發展。

三、人與社會關系。不同文明之間的對話,應以新視野尋求解決,其中包括各文明系統內部人與社會新型關系的確立,各種宗教信仰間新型關系的確立,以及一國與他國、一國與全人類新關系的建立,以為未來世界新文化的建構共同努力。

在新的世界文化建構中,不同文明之間要超越自我、超越歷史、尋求共識、實現突破、走向共榮,這就需要實現以下三點:其一,世界眼光。要超越偏狹的文化史觀,以宏闊的視野、科學的方法,看待不同文明,是交流對話的基礎。其二,哲學突破。一是百家思想,競相發展,各有突破;二是充分的對話與爭鳴。三是共識和主流思想是在長期對話、交流、吸收、發展中自然形成。其三,共榮共識。追求世界各文明在對話交流中自我變革、提升、由相容到相融,世界新文化的主流與主干在和諧自然中產生。


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