首頁  炎黃論壇  世界論壇

弗雷婭·馬修斯-生態文明: 古代傳統和二十一世紀設計的交會

信息來源: 作者: 發布日期:2013-01-24 17:31:53 點擊:

Freya MathewsFreya Mathews is Adjunct Professor of Environmental Philosophy at Latrobe University, where she has ta...

Freya Mathews

Freya Mathews is Adjunct Professor of Environmental Philosophy at Latrobe University, where she has taught for twenty years and currently co-coordinates the Environmental Culture Research Cluster. Her books include The Ecological Self (1991), Ecology and Democracy (editor) (1996), For Love of Matter: a Contemporary Panpsychism (2003), Joumey to the Source of the Merri (2003), Reinhabiting Reality: towards a Recovery of Culture (2005). She is the author of over fifty scholarly articles in the area of ecological philosophy and co-edits the joumal, Philosophy Activism Nature. In addition to her research activities she manages a private biodiversity reserve in Central Victoria.

 

Eco-civilization :

where ancient tradition meets twenty-first century design

 

In China, Dao is understood as the Way of nature, the way that natural systems unfold when left to their own devices. But can civilization also rest on Dao? Can Dao inform and shape the unfolding of civilization? And will a civilization that consciously follows Dao in its basic design and procedural principles be an ecologically sensitive and sustainable one? In this paper I argue that biomimicry, as a contemporary theory of design, can serve as a vehicle for Daoism in the twenty-first century: Daoism, in particular the Laoist notion of wu wei, offers a powerful philosophical lens for interpreting biomimicry. Such a Laoist reading, which adds much needed philosophical depth to the notion of biomimicry, affords Daoism a central role in current debates about sustainability and the outlines of a sustainable civilization. At the same time, the global state of environmental crisis that has elicited biomimicry as a design response provides a paradigm-shifting new context in which Daoists can in tum interrogate their tradition, thereby deepening and enhancing its relevance for the present era.

 

弗雷婭·馬修斯

弗雷婭‘馬修斯女士是拉籌伯大學環境哲學副教授,她在這家大學從事教學工作已有20年,目前,她協調環境文化研究集群。她的著作包括<生態自我》(1991年)、《生態和民主》(編輯)(1996年)、《物質之愛:當代萬有精神論>(2003年)、《快樂之源的旅程》(2003年)、《重新居住的現實:通向文化復興》(2005年)。她發表過50多篇關于生態哲學的學術論文,并作為《哲學活動本質》雜志的編輯之一。除了研究活動以外,她在維多利亞中部管理一個私人的生物多樣性保護區。

 

生態文明:古代傳統和二十一世紀設計的交會處

 

在中國,“道”被理解為自然之道,也就是自然體系在不受人為干擾的情況下起作用的方式。但文明能否建立在“道”之上?“道”能否指導和塑造文明進程?在基礎設計和程序原則方面自覺遵循“道”的文明是否是生態敏感的并可持續發展的?在本文中,我認為,作為當代設計理論,仿生學可以作為道教在二十一世紀的一個工具。道教(尤其是老子的“無為”觀念)為仿生學的解釋提供了一個強大的哲學透鏡。這種老子的解讀,對仿生學概念添加了可貴的哲學深度,在目前有關可持續性和可持續文明概念的辯論中,道教扮演一個中心的角色。同時,環境危機的全球現狀導致仿生學作為一種設計響應,提供了一種范例轉移的新背景,道家可以在其中審視其傳統,從而深化并提高它在當代的相關性。


分享到:

双色球选号ac值